EN SL

Ljubljana Marsh Landscape Park

Right on the outskirts of the city, just a few steps from the last city streets, stretches the Ljubljana Marsh.

THE WHEELS OF DAILY LIFE STOP

Ljubljana Marsh covers about 160 km2 (nearly 1% of the total surface area of Slovenia), while the landscape park protects 135 km2 of this. This unique area offers habitat to numerous rare and endangered species. 

BIODIVERSITY

The marshy flatland is characterised by an endless mosaic of meadows, open woodlands, fields, ditches and hedges. Over 100 bird species live here. The wet meadows, hedges and low shrubs are home to the most characteristic marshland bird species. The corncrake, Eurasian curlew, common quail, Eurasian woodcock, Eurasian scops owl, whinchat, grasshopper warbler and hen harrier are listed as most vulnerable by European and global measures. Undrained wet meadows not converted to arable land but still kept in the traditional, extensive ways by their owners are most valuable for their richness and number. Wet meadows are habitat for a large number of colourful butterflies, 89 species. Twice as many as are found in the entire British Isles. Like many other species, their existence relies mostly on unfertilised grassland. Some butterfly species are very widespread on Ljubljana Marsh, above all the small pearl-bordered fritillary, false heath fritillary and large copper. The area is also home to 48 dragonfly species. 

NATURA 2000

Ljubljana Marsh is within a Natura 2000 area. The prehistoric pile-dwellings on the Ljubljana Marsh were listed as a UNESCO Heritage Site in Paris in June 2011. One of the most important findings there must be the oldest wooden wheel in the world, more than 5,000 years old, which archaeologists found in 2002.

MARSH WITH A CAPITAL LETTER

Ljubljana Marsh is the geographical name for the area between Ljubljana, Vrhnika, Krim and Škofljica. The Marsh, with a capital letter, is the common term for the area of Črna vas, Hauptmanca, Lipe, Ilovica and Ižanska cesta, so the part of Ljubljana Marsh that lies within the Ljubljana city boundary. In Slovene, a 'barje' or marsh, written in lower case, denotes a boggy area with characteristic fauna and flora.

ENG Ljubljansko barje

MINI SURVEY

Have you ever been to Ljubljana Marsh?

I didn't know it had so much. Now I'm going to go.
57% (4 votes)
Of course.
43% (3 votes)
No, I'm not interested.
0% (0 votes)
Total votes: 7

THE OLDEST WHEEL WITH AXLE IN THE WORLD

In early spring 2002 a group of archaeologists in the settlement of Stara Gmajna came across the approximately 5,150-year-old remains of a wooden wheel. The wheel had been part of a two-wheeled cart, made by a top prehistoric wheelwright. It's more than half a millennium older than the Egyptian pyramids. It is currently one of the oldest such finds in the world.

 

SIZE OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN THE MARSH AREA (IN SQUARE METERS)

LJUBLJANA163.8
IG98.8
LOG-DRAGOMER11
VRHNIKA116
ŠKOFLJICA43.3
BOROVNICA42.3
BREZOVICA91.2

DID YOU KNOW?

The flatland of Ljubljana Marsh is an ideal area for retaining water. Its main watercourse, the Ljubljanica, only lazily makes its way to the Sava. The majority of marsh water is hidden underground as groundwater and has an impact on the water level in streams, ditches or canals and lakes, to where man has banished all surface water by drainage. In periods of flooding, the marsh reveals its true nature even today.

There are more than

48

species of dragonfly.

We know

89

species of butterfly.

As many as

258

observed bird species.

There are

7

local authorities in the Marsh area.

barje meglica

As many as

70

per cent

of wetlands and their flora and fauna have disappeared in Europe in recent decades.

As many as

160

square kilometres

covered by Ljubljana Marsh.

As many as

135

square kilometres

of this total is Ljubljana Marsh Landscape Park.

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